The bite has transformed several people. Scott McCall was bitten by Peter Hale in 1x01 - Wolf Moon. Jackson Whittemore was bitten by Derek Hale in the aftermath of Season 1. During Season 2, Isaac Lahey, Erica Reyes and Vernon Boyd all received the bite from Derek. In 4x03 - Muted, Liam Dunbar was bitten by Scott himself. Hayden Romero was bitten also by Scott in 5x20 - Apotheosis.
Peter Hale bit Lydia Martin, a latent banshee, in 1x11 - Formality. She neither turned or died, because as a banshee, Lydia isn't affected by the supernatural, she is immune. Peter's true intention was to activate her powers and establish a connection between them that he could use as a backup plan to bring himself back to life in the event that he could be killed.
In Gerard Argent's case, because of the mountain ash, a supernatural ward, in his system, he did not turn, rejecting the bite completely and he was incapacitated until provided with a cure.